A literature review of recovery from different disasters for developing future trainings
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Institute of Public Health of Serbia, Dr Subotica 5, Serbia
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A729
Background and Objective:
In the scope of the Joint Action on Strengthened International HeAlth Regulations and Preparedness in the EU (SHARP JA), WP8 is focusing on trainings, local exercises and exchange of working practices. Training needs assessment pointed out that recovery management is one of the topics of great interest for training and practice exchange. The aim of this study is to explore existing practices in recovery management to set up the scope of recovery management training (RMT).

Methodology used to fulfil the aims of this study was a literature review of scientific articles published in leading international journals in past 20 years. Key words in searching of scientific literature were: recovery, disaster, disaster management, community. In this review, two aspects were considered: recovery process after different type of disasters and areas of recovery.

According to the type of disaster, the majority of research articles dealt with the recovery process after earthquakes (45,79%), floods (14,95%), hurricanes (14,02%), and tsunamis (14,95%), while the most prevalent areas of recovery were: households (46,15%), buisiness (21,15%) and critical infrastructures (including energy, transport, WASH) (13,46%). Additionally, reviewed articles also considered and pointed to the potential barriers in the recovery process, as well as challenges and outcoms.

Recovery is not extensivly explored in scientific literature and currently is mostly focused on narrow areas. Lessons learned on challanges and barriers from previous recovery processe sshould be adressed in future trainings. In building capacities in recovery management, it is of great importance to apply holistic approach.