Clinical-epidemiological description of the Ukrainian refugees in Italy: the experience of the local health authority roma 1
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Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome Italy
Section of Hygiene - University Department of Life Sciences and Public Health, Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
Local Health Authority Roma 1 Italy
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1710
Background and objective:
Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on the 24th of February 2022, causing Ukrainian refugees to flee to other nations. Host nations need epidemiological information on the newly arrived refugee population to program health services appropriate for them. This study aims to investigate demographic composition, COVID-19 vaccinations performed, specialist care provided, and Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) prevalence in COVID-19 vaccinated refugees of the Ukrainian refugee in the Local Health Authority (LHA) Roma 1 area of competence.

We performed a retrospective analysis of collected data regarding Ukrainian refugees assisted on the LHA’s territory from 2nd March 2022 to 2nd June 2022. NCDs were classified according to The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10).

9349 Ukrainian refugees were assisted by LHA Roma 1 with the consequent issuing of a STP code for each; 2784 (29.8’) were Males and 6565 (70.2’) were Females; median age was 25 (10-39). 2485 Ukrainian refugees got vaccinated for COVID-19; 569 (22.9’) were male and 1916 were female. 401 (16.1’) among the vaccinated refugees had at least one NCD. The most frequent diseases were diseases of the circulatory system (203; 50.6’), endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (100; 24.9’) and mental and behavioral disorders (26; 6.5’). A total of 206 refugees needed second-level assistance, with endocrinology (25; 12.1’), cardiology (18; 8.7’) and gynecology (15; 7.3’) being the leading requested specialties.

The Ukrainian refugee population needs health services targeted mainly to minors and women. A noteworthy proportion of NCDs was detected, especially chronic diseases such as hypertension, hypothyroidism and diabetes; also, mental illnesses were relevant. LHA Roma 1 managed to produce a broad spectrum of care services for free to the refugees, as proven by COVID-19 vaccinations, STP codes issued and the specialist care provided.