Current problems in nursing and midwifery research in Bulgaria (2020-2022)
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Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Pleven, Pleven, Bulgaria
Bulgarian Public Health Association, Bulgaria
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A686
Background and Objectives: The research in nursing and midwifery in developed countries has a long tradition and is very well positioned. In Bulgaria, this activity is promoted during the last decades with the introduction of Bachelor degree in basic training of nurses and midwives and Master degree for educators and managerial positions in health care. We aimed to reveal the main problems hindering the development of research in Bulgarian nursing and midwifery. Methods: A total of 1097 anonymous self-administered questionnaires (with closed, semi-closed and open questions) were distributed among practicing nurses and midwives in 8 hospitals and educators and fourth-year students in 6 higher schools. The response rate was 78.9%; higher for students (85.2%), followed by 79.3% for practitioners and 77.2% for educators. Data processing was performed by SPSS v.24 using descriptive statistics and comparative analysis. The accepted level of significance was p<0.05. Results: All the respondents pointed out the lack of time due to insufficient staffing. The situation was exacerbated by COVID-19 pandemic. Lack of motivation and underestimation of the efforts by the employers was the second factor for 36.6% of practitioners and ranked as third by 57.5% of educators and 58.9% of students (P<0.01). The lack of funding was indicated by 30.4% of practitioners and 28.3% of students. Insufficient knowledge and skills for conducting research were recognised as other important problems together with poor command in foreign language and lack of standardized documentation in healthcare practice. Good computer skills and knowledge were not among the main problems. Conclusions: When studying the current situation of research, it is important to look for the problems that hinder its development. The results of our study serve as important signals for concrete actions to be taken to overcome the problems and to encourage research among nurses and midwives.