RESEARCH PAPER
Differential white blood cell counts in apparently healthy Eritrean blood donors at the National Blood Transfusion Center, Asmara, Eritrea
Faris M. Abdon 1  
,   Elias T. Adgoy 1  
,   Nahom Y. Berhane 2  
,   Senet A. Ibrahim 2  
,   Adil K. H. Khalil 3  
,   Yemane Seyoum 1  
,   Osama S. Abbadi 4  
 
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1
Orotta College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Asmara, Eritrea
2
National Blood Transfusion Service, Asmara, Eritrea
3
College of Medicine, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4
Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Osama S. Abbadi   

Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
Submission date: 2020-03-04
Final revision date: 2020-03-12
Acceptance date: 2020-04-04
Publication date: 2020-04-28
 
Popul. Med. 2020;2(April):8
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
To our knowledge, no study has been conducted on white blood cell counts in healthy Eritrean blood donors. Therefore, this study will help to establish the reference ranges of white blood cell (WBC) counts in Eritrean people and to correlate them with the participant’s age and gender, and give measures of the differential neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes numbers and concentrations in healthy blood donors attending the national blood bank of Eritrea.

Methods:
A total of 610 voluntary non-remunerated blood donors between the ages of 16 and 65 years were recruited for the study. Blood samples were collected into an EDTAtube and examined for total white blood cell (TWBC) count and differential white blood cell counts (neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, monocytes, and basophiles). Results were statistically analyzed by the Microsoft Excel program.

Results:
The overall mean TWBC count was 5.774 ± 2.013 (×109/L), the difference between the male and female means was significant, as was also the difference between male and female neutrophil count, with higher values for female donors.

Conclusions:
The total and differential counts of white blood cells in the Eritrean healthy blood donors were all within global reference ranges, with significant differences in total and neutrophil counts between males and females.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
There was no source of funding for this research.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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