Factors associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding practice among children aged 6-24 months
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Horseed International University, Mogadishu, Somalia
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1022
Background: Complementary feeding is defined as the process starting when breast milk alone is no longer sufficient to meet the nutritional requirements of infants, and therefore other foods and liquids are needed, along with breast milk ,appropriate time is 6-8 month ,Malnutrition is responsible, directly or indirectly, for over half of all childhood deaths(Adhikari, Khanal, Kafle, Sah, and Kandel, 2017) [1].   Objective: To identify factors associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding among children aged 6-24 Months at Wadajir and Hodan Health Centers in Mogadishu, Somalia.    Methods: A community based cross sectional study was done among mothers have children between 6-24 months found at Wadajir and Hodan HCs from August 2021 to May 2022 The sample size of the study was 426. A pre-tested structured questionnaire and interview guide were conducted to obtain the necessary information for this study. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0. Descriptive statistics were calculated to see the distribution of various factors.   Results: The study revealed all most half (51%) of the respondents initiated complementary feeding early (before 6 months).Whilst (32%) and (17%) of the respondents introduced complementary feeding appropriate time (6- 8 months) and lately (after 8 months) respectively. Maternal illiteracy, child age, low average income, health seeking behavior and mother‘s place of delivery were significantly associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Conclusions: We found most of the mothers hade informal education, most common source of information related complementary foods were from person, most common reason mothers started complementary food was to get nutrition to the child while mostly they giving child potatoes as first food. The second most common reason for early initiation of complementary feeding was lack of enough breast milk having to end exclusive breast feeding early so that they could start early complementary foods.     Links:[1] http://events.decorporate.ca/#page49