Global, local and individual context of climate change: what do medical faculty students think? A qualitative assessment
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“Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Bornova/IZMIR 35100”, Turkey
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A183
Background and Objective:
Societies that are aware of the global, local and individual context of climate change can succeed to develop appropriate social, economic and environmental strategies. This qualitative research aimed to determine the opinions of future doctors on; the effects of climate change at global, local and individual levels; the role of industry, states and individuals; awareness raising activities and training options.

Nine focus group interviews were conducted between August-October 2022 among Ege University internship students(n=65). Semi-structured interviews within a framework of five sections (1.definition of climate change-general impact, 2.role of industry, 3.role of states, 4.role of individuals, suggestions) lasted 43±11 minutes. Ethics Committee approval, consent of the participants were obtained. Records and observation notes were transcribed into written form. By content analysis, emergent themes were obtained. No financial support or conflict of interest existed.

Of the participants %32 were women, %38 had rural roots and only 3 attended structured traning for climate change. Three leading themes of the five sections were; warming, drought, impact on agriculture, 2.industrys carbon emissions, avoiding responsibility, sustainable technologies, 3.inadequacy of inspections, necessity of sanctions, enabling/disabling preventive practices, 4.reducing water consumption, economic crisis invading the agenda, absence of environmental regulations as a barrier, 5.preschool/primary school education, visual tools in training, continuing education at all ages.

The knowledge and individual awareness of future doctors about climate change, its impact at different levels and the roles of different actors were detected to be sufficient yet their motivation to take role and interfere were lacking. Individual agendas invaded by economic crisis and personel needs were in competition with their interest on climate change even for those who were eager to take role. Lack of public solutions lead by local authorities prevents those who are eager to pay individual efforts.