Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding ergonomic hazards among healthcare workers in a Saudi Government hospital
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Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1893
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) affecting healthcare workers (HCWs) must be considered and addressed as a serious issue. Thus, it is important to incorporate ergonomics into clinical practice to prevent MSDs. The Objectives of this study were to investigate HCWs' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding ergonomics in a large governmental healthcare facility.  Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which the participants were interviewed to complete a validated four-section questionnaire (demographic data, knowledge, attitudes, and practice information related to ergonomics). The questionnaire was newly self-developed based on a literature review and was pilot tested after development. Results: This study included 273 HCWs. Their average knowledge score regarding ergonomics was 2.6, or "fair to good." Overall, the participants reported good attitude scores, with a total average score of 1 and 2, or "agree to strongly agree." The findings also 20 indicated that appropriate ergonomics practices were often not implemented, as the average practice score was 1 to 2, or "always to sometimes engaging in bad practice." The risk factors of being Saudi, being a woman, and having low academic achievement were associated with poor knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to ergonomics among HCWs. Conclusions: This study showed that the majority of the participants had fair knowledge and good attitudes toward ergonomics at work while practicing. However, the practice of ergonomics at work was not implemented. It is important to apply ergonomics at work to prevent MSDs; therefore, ergonomic principles should be included in the undergraduate health curriculum for all HCWs, with emphasis on practicing ergonomics in their routine clinical work.