Knowledge of adolescents about contraceptive methods and prevention of sexually transmitted infections
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Universidade Paulista UNIP RUA DR. JOAO BATISTA SOARES DE FARIA, 89 APTO 14 SANTANA - SÃO PAULO - SP - BRASIL - 02403050 Brazil Priscilla Sete De Carvalho Onofre
Universidade Paulista UNIP Brazil GABRIELA DA SILVA BARBOSA Universidade Paulista UNIP Brazil
Da Silva Universidade Paulista UNIP Brazil
Da Silva Barros Universidade Paulista UNIP Brazil
Cardoso Universidade Paulista UNIP Brazil
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1216
Adolescence is a time of significant change for human beings, bringing new forms of social interaction and exposure to risks. At this stage, concerns arise around early pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which are considered public health problems and are directly related to low adherence to condom use. The objective was to analyze the level of knowledge of adolescents about STIs and contraceptive methods. This is a descriptive-exploratory research of a quantitative nature, carried out with students between 14 and 15 years old, from two educational institutions, public and private, through the application of printed questionnaires and via the Google Forms platform, on the knowledge of contraceptive methods and STI prevention. Regarding the results, 98 students were interviewed, 44 from the Public School (GEP) and 54 from the Private College (GCP). The female audience gained prominence in both schools, totaling 54 students. The prevalent age in both groups was 14 and 15 years. With regard to knowledge about STIs and contraceptive methods, in both samples the adolescents were aware of and had been instructed about STIs. Regarding contraceptive methods, 38 (86.4%) were instructed in the GEP and 54 (100%) in the GCP. In the case of contraceptive methods, in both groups as a whole, they know the male condom, however, in the GEP 6 (13.6%) know about coitus interruptus, in the GCP, in turn, only 15 (27.8% ) know the vaginal ring. GCP adolescents are more aware of contraceptive methods than GEP. Given the above, it is possible to understand that the knowledge presented by the students on the subject is ineffective in both schools, and it is essential to expand the activities proposed by the schools, since the students themselves consider them necessary for a better understanding of issues involving sexuality.