Mortality from chronic noncommunicable dseases in Portuguese-speaking countriesand sustainable development goals targets in 2030
More details
Hide details
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil
Ministerio da Saude, Brazil
Universidade Katyavala Bwila, Benguela, Angola
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Portugal
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Seattle, United States
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A747
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are one of the main global health problems, being responsible for a large number of premature deaths, disabilities and loss of quality of life. There are still few studies on the performance of the Portuguese Language Community in the 2030 Agenda, making it an opportunity to advance in this diagnosis and thus contribute to the strengthening of partnerships that allow monitoring progress in achieving the goals of the SDGs. Objective:We analyzed trends in premature mortality from chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between 1990 and 2019, the projections until 2030 and the risk factors attributable to these diseases in the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP). Methods: Estimates from the Global Burden of Disease study and analysis of the burden of premature mortality from NCDs were used for nine CPLP countries, using age-standardized rates, using RStudio. Results: Portugal, Brazil, Equatorial Guinea, Angola and Guinea Bissau have declining premature mortality rates from NCDs and; East Timor, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe and Mozambique showed an increase in rates. Projections indicate that none of the countries is expected to achieve the goals of reducing premature mortality from NCDs by one third by 2030. The attributable burden of disease showed that the most important risk factors in 2019 were: high systolic blood pressure, tobacco, dietary risks, high body mass index and air pollution. Conclusions: here are many differences in the burden of NCDs in CPLP member countries. In addition, none of these countries is expected to achieve the goal of reducing deaths from NCDs by one third by 2030. Portugal and Brazil presented the best performances and, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and Equatorial Guinea, the worst. In order to make effective progress, it is imperative to build partnerships and exchanges between CPLP member countries.