RESEARCH PAPER
Prevalence and factors associated with cigarette smoking among resident university students: A crosssectional study from Bangladesh
Md. Sabbir Ahmed 1  
,  
Abu Sayeed 2  
,  
Ishrat Jahan 3  
,  
Md. Forshed Dewan 3  
,  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Community Health and Hygiene, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
2
Department of Post-Harvest Technology and Marketing, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
3
Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
4
Department of Biochemistry and Food Analysis, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Md. Sabbir Ahmed   

Department of Community Health and Hygiene, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali 8602, Bangladesh
Publication date: 2020-02-24
Submission date: 2019-12-17
Final revision date: 2020-02-17
Acceptance date: 2020-02-17
 
Popul. Med. 2020;2(February):3
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of cigarette smoking among university students is high, which may predispose students to various chronic diseases. Resident students are an interesting population to study because they are usually independent of their family and may be influenced by other factors. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and factors associated with cigarette smoking among resident university students in Bangladesh.

Methods:
A total of 360 resident university students were approached to participate in the study, in 2019 in Bangladesh. A two-stage cluster sampling method was used to select the participants and data were collected by using a pre-tested self-reported questionnaire. Logistic regression was applied with both crude and adjusted models.

Results:
Overall prevalence of cigarette smoking was 32.6% with about half of male students being smokers (49.1%) and only 2.4% of the females, with prevalence higher for those aged 21–23 years (36%). There was a significant association (p<0.001) between students’ cigarette smoking behavior and their maternal occupation, monthly expenditures, and living status with smokers. Students whose mothers were employed had higher odds of using cigarettes than students whose mothers were housewives (OR=3.4; 95% CI: 1.7–6.8). Students who were sharing a room with a smoker had a higher risk of being a smoker (OR=9.7; 95% CI: 4.9–19.0).

Conclusions:
The results of this study provide interesting insights on tobacco use by resident university students in Bangladesh and will be useful during national policymaking on tobacco as well as for the tobacco-free campus movement of the universities.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
There was no source of funding for this research.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
REFERENCES (17)
1.
World Health Organization. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2019: Offer help to quit tobacco use. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2019. https://apps.who.int/iris/bits.... Accessed December 17, 2019.
 
2.
How does smoking affect the body? Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.c.... Accessed December 7, 2019.
 
3.
American Cancer Society. Health Risks of Smoking Tobacco. American Cancer Society. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/.... Published November 15, 2018. Accessed December 7, 2019.
 
4.
Elders MJ, Perry CL, Eriksen MP, Giovino GA. Preventing Tobacco Use among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General. Am J Public Health. 1994;84(4):543-547. doi:10.2105/ajph.84.4.543
 
5.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health. The Health Consequences of Smoking-50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2014. PMID:24455788.
 
6.
Barr S. England could become 'smoke-free' by 2030 under new government pledge. The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/.... Published July 23, 2019. Accessed December 17, 2019.
 
7.
Hossain S, Hossain S, Ahmed F, Islam R, Sikder T, Rahman A. Prevalence Tobacco Smoking and Factors Associated with the Initiation of Smoking among University Students in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Cent Asian J Glob Health. 2017;6(1):244. doi:10.5195/cajgh.2017.244
 
8.
Hassan MS, Hossain MK, Khan HTA. Prevalence and predictors of tobacco smoking among university students in Sylhet Division, Bangladesh. International Health. 2019;11(4):306-313. doi:10.1093/inthealth/ihy091
 
9.
Tarafdar MMA, Nahar S, Rahman MM, Hussain SMA, Zaki M. Prevalence and Determinants of Smoking among the College Students in Selected District of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Medical Journal. 2009;38(1):3-8. doi:10.3329/bmj.v38i1.3579
 
10.
Kamal SM, Islam MA, Rahman MA. Sociopsychological correlates of smoking among male university students in Bangladesh. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2011;23(4):555-567. doi:10.1177/1010539509350495
 
11.
Karim M, Farah S, Parash TH. Smoking prevalence, knowledge and attitudes among medical students in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Borneo Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016;10(1):84-91.
 
12.
World Health Organization . Global adult tobacco survey: Bangladesh Report 2009. Dhaka, Bangladesh: World Health Organization, Country Office for Bangladesh; 2009. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1075.1526
 
13.
Lalithambigai G, Rao A, Rajesh G, Shenoy R, Pai MBH. Predictors of cigarette smoking among young adults in Mangalore, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016;17(1):45-50. doi:10.7314/apjcp.2016.17.1.45
 
14.
Asif HM, Akhtar N, Sultana S, et al. Prevalence and factors related to cigarette smoking initiation and use among university students of Bahawalpur Pakistan: a cross sectional study. RADS Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017;5(3):11-16. http://jpps.juw.edu.pk/index.p.... Accessed December 2019.
 
15.
Pradhan PMS, Niraula SR, Ghimire A, Singh SB, Pokharel PK. Tobacco use and associated factors among adolescent students in Dharan, Eastern Nepal: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. BMJ Open. 2013;3(2):e002123. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002123
 
16.
Al-Naggar RA, Bobryshev Y V, Mohd N, Nor AB. Lifestyle practice among Malaysian university students. Asian Pac J Canc Prev. 2013;14(3):1895-1903. doi:10.7314/apjcp.2013.14.3.1895
 
17.
Ngahane BHM, Ekobo HA, Kuaban C. Prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking among college students: a cross-sectional study in Douala, Cameroon. Arch Public Health. 2015;73(1):47. doi:10.1186/s13690-015-0100-1
 
ISSN:2654-1459