Public perception and perspective towards COVID19 vaccination among students of University of Debrecen
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University of Debrecen, Hungary
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A524
Covid19 pandemic is most remarkable cocern since early 2020. Public Health has constantly made effort to alleviate the crisis. Vaccination is one of the ultimate control methods of COVID19 that were created at incredibly rapid rates. The implication of vaccines comes with divergent opinions. To maximize the coverage, the understanding of perspectives towards the vaccination is crucial. No health promotion campaign can achieve its goals without local adjustment. The study was conducted with students in University of Debrecen to investigate local tendencies and to suggest the vital local adjustments when promoting vaccines.

The study aims to investigate the perceptions and perspectives towards COVID19 vaccinations among students in University of Debrecen. Motivations, beliefs and concerns on taking COVID19 vaccination are the major focus to study the decision-making process and the crucial factors behind.

A cross-sectional survey was launched at the end of 2021, in the third outbreak with 386 students from University of Debrecen. The questionnaire was distributed online and in-person. The key factors are demographic features, common beliefs and concerns about vaccination. The tendencies, levels of acceptance and the potential decision-turning factors were identified.

Among 386 participants, 87% believed that COVID19 vaccines are necessary. However, around 45% are concerned by being vaccinated. Information and emotion are the most important in decision making, 88% agreed that unreliable news affects their choices and 47% consider social media to be worrying for them. Side effect and controversies play a significant role in public perspective. Valid and consistent information source was confirmed to ease the unrest about vaccination.

The findings suggest the positive sides of vaccination situation and suggest space for improvement. Naming hesitations and missings in trust-building, we can elaborate the interventions for certain areas, demographic groups; equip the young with health protecting skills and improve health literacy.