Screening for risk factors of big four diseases-social accountability research from ajman uae
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Gulf Medical University, Ajman Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine" Al Jurf Ajman Uniter Arab Emirates P.O Box: 4184" United Arab Emirates
Gulf Medical University Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine "Al Jurf Ajman United Arab Emirates P.O Box 4184" United Arab Emirates
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1563
Background & Objectives:
Non-communicable diseases accounts for more than 70% of all causes of mortality in the UAE. Leading five risk factors of NCDs are elevated cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, increased blood sugar level, increased body mass index level, and nutritional factors. This research was conducted from the data bank of community engagement as part of social accountability to assess the risk factors of non-communicable diseases among the marginalised population in Ajman.

Material and Methods:
Data collected during community engagement was analysed. It had the following variables: Demographic, lifestyle, screening of diabetes, obesity and hypertension. Approval from IRB was obtained. Risk factors screening for marginalised population was part of the social accountability of university. Chi-square test was used to find the association between variables.

Majority of the participants (68.8%) were below the age of 40 years. Male comprises of 93.3% of the total sample. Indians were more with 63.4% when compared to the rest of the nationalities. Prevalence of over-weight and obesity among the expatriates was 57%, while 7.4% were found be diabetic and 26.5% were found to have either grade1 and grade 2 hypertension. Obesity, random blood sugar and hypertension was significantly higher among participants of older ages (14.1%, 27.9% and 39% respectively).

A significantly higher percentage of diabetic, hypertensive and obese respondents were found above the age of 40 years among the expatriate population in Ajman. Educating people to follow health lifestyles can reduce the risk of many life style diseases.