Social inequality in smoking in mongolia
 
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1
University of Eastern Finland Department of Social Sciences Finland Kuopio Campus, Yliopistonranta 1 E, Snellmania P.O.Box 1627 FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland
 
2
Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition
 
3
Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Kansai Medical University Japan
 
4
Tuberculosis Surveillance and Research Department, National Center for Communicable Disease Mongolia
 
5
Tuberculosis Surveillance and Research Department, National Center for Communicable Disease
 
 
Publication date: 2023-04-26
 
 
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A823
 
ABSTRACT
Background and Objectives:
Smoking is one of the main public health problems as it is one of leading causes of preventable disease, disability, and death. However, socioeconomic inequality in smoking is less studied in developing countries such as Mongolia. The aim of the study is to examine socioeconomic inequality in smoking in the adult population in Mongolia.

Methods:
This study analyzed the data of 41,777 adults from the Mongolian National Tuberculosis Prevalence survey conducted between 2014 and 2015 by the National Center for Communicable Disease and the Ministry of Health Mongolia. Self-reported smoking was used as an outcome variable. Socioeconomic status was measured by educational level. We employed the Erreygers concentration index to assess the degree of socioeconomic inequality in smoking.

Results:
Smoking prevalence in females and males in Mongolia was 7.5% and 52.9%, respectively. Smoking was concentrated among the lower-educated males (−0.057, p

ISSN:2654-1459