Socioeconomic determinants of congenital cataract in Kazakhstan
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Kazakhstan Medical University "KSPH", Kazakhstan
Almaty Management University, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan Medical University KSPH, Kazakhstan
Kazakh Eye Research Institute, Kazakhstan
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1065
Background and Objective: Congenital cataract is the one of the leading causes of reversible childhood vision impairment and blindness worldwide. If not being treated properly it negatively affects the emotional, social and economic status of the child, family and society. It was previously reported that families affected by childhood cataracts have a lower socioeconomic status and parental educational background. The objective was to determine socioeconomic status of the parents of children with congenital cataract in Kazakhstan. Methods: We conducted this cross-sectional study among the parents of the children with congenital cataracts from September, 2021 till March, 2022. The questionnaire including information of demographic factors, parental employment status, highest attained education, family income per person was created using Google forms. The link to the questionnaire was sent to the parents by WhatsApp messaging application. Telephone numbers were identified using the database of the Statistics Department of the Kazakh Eye Research Institute. Results: Totally 253 parents answered the questionnaire. Median age of the parents was 33 years (IQR = 6 years). Fathers were employed mostly (133(52.6%; 95% Confidence Interval (CI), 46.2%-58.9%)), while mothers were unemployed in most cases (174(68.8%; 95% CI, 62.7%-74.4%)). The highest attained education of fathers was college education in the majority of cases (150(59.3%; 95% CI, 53.0%-65.4%)). The highest attained education of mothers was mostly university education (142(56.1%; 95% CI, 49.8%-62.3%)). Family income per person was < 100 United States dollar (USD) in 80 (31,6%; 95% CI 26.0%-37.8%), ≥ 100 USD <200 USD – 80 (31,6%; 95% CI, 26.0%-37.8%), ≥200 USD – 93 (36.8%; 95% CI, 30.8%-43.0%). Conclusions: Despite the fact that parents mostly have higher level of education, they, especially mothers, seem to face barriers in employment. Also, the income of the family may limit their ability to provide care to child with this condition requiring intensive management.