Vulnerability to the impact of cyberbullying - the role of big-5 personality traits and gender
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NTNU Norway
NTNU Social Science Norway
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1119
A considerable number of studies have focused on the prevalence of cyberbullying, and its associations to e.g. gender and mental health. However, few have investigated individual characteristics that may amplify or attenuate the subjective experience of the impact of cyberbullying, in other words, the vulnerability or resilience related to cybervictimization outcomes. A set of characteristics likely moderating this impact is personality traits, such as extraversion and neuroticism. In the present study, using data from the Early Secure in Trondheim Study, comprising 662 Norwegian 16 year old’s, we analyzed data from the Cyber-Bullying and Victimization Experiences Questionnaire, and the Big Five Inventory, as well as descriptive such as gender, BMI, and parental SES. Analyses of this cross-sectional data showed a prevalence of 20% (with once in three months as cut-off), distributed almost equally among boys and girls, and that parental SES was negatively corelated with incidences of cybervictimization. Furthermore, incidences of cybervictimization was only modestly related to less agreeableness, contentiousness, and more neuroticism. However, the subjective perception of the impact of such victimization was more strongly correlated to particularly more neuroticism. Moderation analyses showed that more neuroticism and gender (being a girl), most strongly explained the subjective experience of negative impact from cyberbullying. The present study adds knowledge beyond the descriptive level of analysis of cyberbullying and shows that the frequency of cyberbullying may diverge from the subjective experience of the negative impact from it, partly dependent upon personality traits and gender.