Challenges for menstrual hygiene practice among adolescent school girls in West Midnapur district, West Bengal, India
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Vidyasagar University, Kolkata, India
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1623
Background: One of the most common issues that adolescent girls in India face is about their periods. Menstrual Hygiene for adolescent school girls is a neglected issue coupled with social challenges in countries specially like India. Social norms, practices and limited availability of commodities influence adolescent girls’ capacity to cope up the stress as well as take part in family and social life, and many girls even dont know how to maintain the menstrual hygiene. Objectives: This study Aims to explore the restrictions and menstrual problems among adolescent school girls. methods We conducted this cross-sectional study during January 2018 – December 2019 and interviewed Bengali school going adolescent girls in Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal, India, using semi-structured validated questionnaire. Collected data were entered, cleaned and analysed using recommended statistical software and methods. Results: Among 232 enrolled study respondents (age range from 9 to 16 years), average age at menarche was found 12.7 years (12.3, 12.9) In response to the question about challenges during menstruation, 97% of the respondents were keeping away from religious function and followed by didnt eat certain food (6%), didnt prepare food (27%), didnt play (39%). 82% felt abdominal pain,14% in excessive bleeding and 4% felt breast pain) as primary challenges they face. Conclusions: Menstruation continues to be a health challenge augmented by social norms and practice for adolescent girls, despite significant improvements to facilities and educational programs in the country. This biological phenomenon causes many of the adolescent girls to miss school days, regardless of the types of school. Adolescent girls safe health and recommended menstrual hygiene practices are also greatly influenced by the facilities provided at schools. Keywords: Menstrual problem, adolescence girls, school toilet, sanitary pad
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