Educational outcomes of children hospitalised for head injury: a population based cohort study utilising record linkage of 766,244 scottish schoolchildren
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University of glasgow Dr University Of Glasgow 1 Lilybank Gardens United Kingdom
University of glasgow
Public Health Scotland United Kingdom
Scottish Government
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1129
Childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in young children and adolescents. Although there have been numerous studies to evaluate the impact of childhood head injury on educational outcomes, few large-scale studies have been conducted, and previous research has been limited by issues of attrition, methodological inconsistencies, and selection bias. We aim to investigate educational outcomes among Scottish schoolchildren previously admitted to hospital for head injury compared to peers.

A population-based retrospective cohort study was undertaken, employing secondary data analysis of routinely collected health and educational data to evaluate the relationship between hospitalisation for head injury and educational outcomes of children who attended Scottish schools between 2009 and 2013. Outcomes included special educational need, attainment in examinations, school leaver destination, absenteeism, and exclusion from school for poor behaviour. Analyses were adjusted for sociodemographic and maternity confounders.

Previous hospitalisation for head injury was associated with increased odds of special educational need (OR 1.28, CI 1.18, 1.39, _P_

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