A qualitative approach for understanding the health perceptions in a group of women in situation of prostitution
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Universidad de Antioquia, Colombia
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1409
Background and Objective:
Women and trans people who have engaged in sex work are triply vulnerable since they are victims of discrimination due to their employment status, their gender, and the risks that this work entails. This situation impacts their health situation. This study aimed to know the perceptions about health (physical, mental, and oral) of four women who work in prostitution in Medellin, based on their life experiences and those related to their social context.

A qualitative research with an ethnographic approach was conducted to analyze the situations mentioned, with the participation of four women; two of Venezuelan nationality and two of Colombian nationality, and semi-structured interviews were carried out. Qualitative content analysis was performed, which allowed the generation of four categories (mental health, oral health, general health, and quality of life).

Their speeches made it possible to elucidate the connection between living conditions and the health situation. The lack of job opportunities, a migratory process of profound economic and social changes, and a Colombia with inequities and barriers to access to health and social services are determining processes of a general, particular, and singular order of the precarious conditions of oral health and general.

The participating population is in a situation of social and health vulnerability, which shows the need for public policies and strategies based on the social reality that contribute to generating equity in health.

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