Dietary intake with food taboos among pregnant women attending antenatal checkups at a hospital in Narayanganj city, Bangladesh
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Department of Nursing Science, Rufaida College of Nursing, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Department of Health Science, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
Department of Urology Operation Theater, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1176
Background and Objective: Food habits during pregnancy should be directed toward promoting the health and well-being of the mothers as well as their growing fetuses. But in Bangladesh, there are some misconceptions, beliefs, and practices regarding food intake during pregnancy, which put deleterious effects on the health of mothers as well as on that of their growing fetuses. The aim of this study is to find out the existing dietary intake and food taboos during pregnancy among Bangladeshi. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal checkups from Narayanganj Hospital, Bangladesh. A total of 129 participants were enrolled in the study according to the inclusion criteria. After taken consent from the respondents, a face-to-face interview was conducted with each respondent using a semi-structured questionnaire. Socioeconomic, food habits, and taboos data were collected after that data were analyzed by SPSS-25 version software. Results: The mean age of the participants was 24.89 years, within them, 40.5% of age was 20-25 years. Among the participant’ 93.5% said some foods are harm full to the baby, as well they don’t eat twin bananas (due to threat of twin fetuses), pineapple, coconuts, duck eggs, local mirka fish, local puti fish 83.7%, 82.5%, 25.2%, 29.3%, 79.7%, 13.0% respectively. Food taboos were significant among those with primary education level (P < 0.001), housewife occupation (P < 0.001), and family income BDT 21000-30000 (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The overall findings revealed that most of the women thought some foods are harmful during pregnancy which is the misconception of that types of foods. The protective factors for food taboos were educational level, occupational status, and family income. Community-based nutritional health education and campaign can be effective to the intake of nutritional food during the pregnancy period.
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