Diversity, equity and inclusion in public health: a multidisciplinary analysis
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Department of Life Sciences and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1417
Public health crises like COVID-19 pandemic have demonstrated more than ever how different racial, ethnic, religious and cultural communities can be differently affected. All these determinants are proven to play an important role in relation to the susceptibility to certain illnesses or how people react in getting sick. For these reasons, it is particularly important to address issues related to diversity, equity and inclusion among different disciplines in order to find the best way to address the health needs of every individual. Aims and Components: The present workshop is aimed at discussing among different perspectives the concepts of diversity, equity, and inclusion in Public Health, analysing which can be the multidisciplinary tools and approaches for analysis and successful interventions, with practical cases showed as examples. A first presentation will be focused on how the different stakeholders in public health could have a role in behavioural change towards more inclusive interventions to help people in need such as minorities, migrants, refugees, and how the different health systems answer to these needs, especially for prevention activities (speaker Dr. Chiara Cadeddu). The second presentation will deal with the contribution of digital technology, in terms of targeted solutions depending on sociodemographic factors, with a view to diversity and inclusion, and the new perception of reality, values, and relationships that it could generate (speaker Dr. Roberto Ascione). The third presentation is aimed at improving the health education and training of professionals in the matters related to diversity, equity and inclusion. Professionals include not only healthcare professionals, but also science journalists and administrative officers involved in the health sector and the private sector. Multidisciplinary team culture is a core competence for those involved in health promotion and educational paths must ensure the inclusion of this culture (speaker Prof. Marta Bertolaso). The final presentation will describe the role of communication in public health and how different approaches such as targeted communication campaigns, the use of diverse cognitive styles and digital tools could help in reaching the objective of contrasting infodemic and fake news and make that every individual feels as a part of an inclusive healthcare system (speaker Prof. Pierluigi Lopalco). Key questions: 1. Which multidisciplinary competencies in terms of stakeholders should be involved to develop the process of overcoming barriers and be more inclusive with minorities, hard-to-reach groups, marginalized identities, etc.? 2. Digital tools could really help to contrast obstacles in terms of diversity, equity and inclusion in health or could be a further obstacle in some populations? 3. How to improve cross fertilization in the different sectors of education in health and how to integrate diverse approaches used in academia or private companies or other areas? 4. A targeted communication in public health is an issue to be soon actualized and applied for the improvement of the access of every individual to health or are we still far from this goal?
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