Experiencing Domestic Violence in Urban Spaces- Issues of Psycho-Social Wellbeing
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Mindfield Research Services, “Flat-13, Pocket- D2, Opp Post Office, Sector - 15, Rohini, New Delhi - 110085”, India
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1268
Background and Objective:
There is a significant association between domestic violence and psycho-social wellbeing. Women who have experienced domestic violence or abuse are at higher risk of experiencing a range of mental health conditions. Lack of coping mechanisms and social support leaves women to stay in distress condition throughout their life. Thus, this paper attempts to evaluate the relationship between empowerment, social support, and psycho-social wellbeing of women whohave experienced violence and their awareness level and coping mechanism.

The study is based on both quantitative and qualitative data collected from men and women in rural and urban slum sites in four cities of India (Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur and Lucknow). The research adopted a mixed methods approach. Statistical methods such as principal component analysis for index creation, cross-tabulations, chi-square tests were applied.

Results and Conclusion:
The finding shows that around 78% of women faced any form of domestic violence across the four cities. The physical form of violence was around 59.6%, emotional violence was 73% and sexual violence was 34.7%. The highest prevalence of domestic violence was in Jaipur, followed by Lucknow, Delhi, and Hyderabad. The relationship of violence with social support and empowerment shows a significant association: i.e with decreasing social support the chances of facing domestic violence increase by 83% (OR: 1.83; p < 0.01), and with lower empowerment the chances of facing domestic violence increases by 14% (OR:1.14; p < 0.05). To cope with domestic violence, more women from Jaipur and Hyderabad sought help. Most women relied on their own families for help, while some knew about the 181-helpline number and tried seeking help. The findings show the lack of policies and programs on the psycho-social wellbeing of women.

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