Outbreak investigation of cholera at district Quetta, Baluchistan 2022
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Provincial Health Directorate, Balochistan FELTP Health Department, Balochistan Director General Health Services, Sariab Road Quetta. Pakistan
Health Department of Balochistan, Government of Balochistan, Civil Secretariate of Balochistan, Zarghoon Road Quetta, Pakistan
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A258
Unusual occurrence of 10 suspected Cholera cases at Pashtoon Bagh Quetta were reported to Provincial Disease Surveillance and Response Unit Quetta on 18th May 2022. FELTP team was deputed to investigate and recommend preventive measures for outbreak.

A descriptive followed by matched case control study was conducted to investigate Cholera outbreak at District Quetta. Case was defined as any person living at District Quetta who had suffered 3 or more, loose watery stool in last 24 hours from 18th May to 12th October. We reviewed hospital records and active case finding was conducted through house-to-house survey. Matched for age and sex neighborhood controls were taken with the ratio of 1:1 and interviewed. We collected stools and water samples for microbiological testing. We performed associated risk factor survey. We calculated Odd Ratios (OR) at 95’confidence interval (95’ CI). Data was analyzed using Epi Info 7.

We identified 48 positive Cholera cases. There were 28 (58’) hospitalizations. Males (67’) were more affected than females. Median age was 09 years (range:

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