The ethics of point of care devices and the need for AI policy frameworks in resources limited settings
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Policy Committee World Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA), Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Federation University Australia,Victoria, Australia
University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Ethiopia
School of Digital Engineering and Artificial Intelligence, Euromed University of Fez, Morocco
Federation University Australia, Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Australia
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A558
Access to quality healthcare is a fundamental human right and one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as adopted by the United Nations in 2015. Thus, so is the maintenance of high ethical standards in providing healthcare. An important requirement for healthcare practitioners is the practice of the concept of avoiding harm while doing good. Advances in technology, global industrialization, and more recently Artificial Intelligence (AI) have undoubtedly led to significant improvements and advances in healthcare delivery, including the Introduction of Point-Of-Care Testing (POCT) devices that can instantly provide data about measures of a patient’s health.  Unfortunately, these advances have inadvertently affected the ethical standards in the field and there are calls for appropriate structures to ensure that all healthcare beneficiaries, especially the vulnerable ones in society continue to enjoy high ethical standards expected in receiving healthcare.  This article drawing on the TAM and UTAUT theories, provides comprehensive analysis on the need to develop policy and ethical framework for AI technologies in healthcare. We believe that this has great potential to accelerate scientific discovery in medicine and to improve health care services.  Keywords: e-health, ethical policy, artificial intelligence, healthcare records, vulnerable groups, minority rights, mobile technologies, health equity  
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