Violence against women by intimate partners in the COVID-19 pandemic: an analysis of reported cases
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São Paulo State University Comendador Pedro Stefanini, 373, Botucatu Brazil
São Paulo State University
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A832
Background and objective:
From the perspective of gender and patriarchy, as dialectical processes, the objective was a broader understanding of intimate partner violence against women in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

A study with a quantitative and qualitative approach was carried out, in two stages: survey of cases of violence against women by partner, formalized in police reports at the Police Station for the Defense of Women, in a city in the interior of the state of São Paulo/Brazil, from March 1, 2020 to October 31, 2020, eight (8) months. After the characterization and identification of women (first stage), interviews were conducted with some of these women, based on guiding questions, aiming to learn about the experience of intimate partner violence during the period of social isolation.

The material was recorded, full transcribed and systematized for thematic analysis. In the first phase, 254 police reports were analyzed, predominantly women with working and reproductive age, aged between 20 and 44 years (63%), white women (73%) and were separated from the partner (63%). Psychological violence was the most reported in 73% of cases and 77% of women requested protective measures. The in-depth analysis of the interview with twelve women made it possible to understand how previously existing situations of violence were even more tense during the COVID-19 pandemic, skin worsening of living and working conditions and/or the intensification of coexistence due to isolation.

Therefore, the study indicated a complexity and diversity of situations, a “new experience” of women in the face of violence, enabling them to denounce the violence suffered, even in the midst of the pandemic.

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