Water, sanitation, and behavioral education strategies for neglected infectious diseases in the amazonian indigenous context: a scoping review
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Universidad de los Andes Cra 50 N 127 d 19 Colombia
Universidad de los Andes Colombia
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A954
Neglected infectious diseases (NIDs) are a group of conditions prevalent mainly in tropical areas, where they mostly affect impoverished communities and disproportionately affect women and children. The implementation of strategies for the control of these diseases is too costly for health systems such as the Colombian one. Therefore, empowering indigenous communities in the Amazon could help to improve the control of these diseases in the region.

To identify the different educational and pedagogical strategies that could be implemented in the Amazon indigenous context to achieve the best results in the teaching of the BEST framework, WASH water, and basic sanitation and diagnosis and treatment of NIDs.

Following PRISMA ScR guidelines, the search was oriented in three competencies: a) Knowledge of the WASH strategy b) Knowledge of the BEST framework c) Appropriate diagnosis and treatment for trachoma, geohelminthiasis and ectoparasites. The protocol was registered in the OSF DOI:10.17605/OSF.IO/Z2XQ9. Five databases were used. The selection criteria were 1) Component related to health education strategies; 2) Indigenous communities; 3) Amazon region; and 4) They were oriented in one of the three related competencies.

8 articles met the inclusion criteria; 2 were referred to the BEST Framework, 4 articles to WASH, and 2 to the diagnosis and treatment of NIDs.

There is insufficient information related to educational or pedagogical strategies in the Amazonian indigenous context for the BEST framework, WASH water and basic sanitation, and diagnosis and treatment of IIDs. The educational strategies related to the BEST framework assume the existence of theoretical bases but no practical implications. Concerning WASH, water, and basic sanitation, the most used educational strategy was the talking map and the co-creation of a community newspaper. While concerning the diagnosis and treatment of NIDs there was no related information for the Amazonian indigenous context.

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