Health literacy for women released from prison in Brazil: construction and validation of educational material
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Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, NOVA Lisbon University (NOVA-IHMT), Lisbon, Portugal
Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Publication date: 2023-04-27
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A73
Background and Objective: Recent research describes the increased risk of death in the first weeks after the release of prisoners, which is higher in those with limited health literacy skills. In the case of women in conflict with the law, studies have identified that limited health literacy skills intensify experiences of marginalization, isolation and shame. In the State of São Paulo (Brazil), the monitoring of people released from prison is carried out by the Egress and Family Attention Centers (EFAC), but there is no direct health intervention in this public facility. We aimed to develop and validate educational material with health guidelines for women released from the prison system who are assisted at the EFAC in a city of São Paulo. Methods: We designed a multimethodological study with a qualitative approach, whose data will be collected through: an integrative literature review, semi-structured interviews with women released from prison, health professionals and supervisors that assist them (respectively, in the prison unit and in the EFAC), and body mapping. The data will be analyzed using thematic analysis by Braun and Clarke, and the evaluation of the educational material will be carried out using descriptive statistics with the expert judges, as well as with the women released from prison. Results: A total of 21 women released from prison, 8 health professionals and 2 EFAC supervisors were interviewed, who described the health needs of these women, the main demand being related to drug use, sedentary lifestyle and risky sexual behavior. The body mapping of 6 women revealed the prison marks left on their bodies and minds. Conclusions: We expect to elaborate educational material based on the perspectives of the target group, using a participatory approach, which will contribute to increase health status of women released from prison, using language and symbolic meaningful for them.