Estimation of the correlation between the social determinants and the obesity during the pre-adolescent age of the apulian population in Southern Italy
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Department of Precision and Regenerative Medicine and Ionian Area (DiMePRe-J) Italy
Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
Epidemiology Unit, Brindisi Local Health Authority Italy
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A845
Even in Italy, the people with the poorest resources and skills get sick more, heal less and die earlier. This requires a more incisive approach to combat avoidable inequalities, also in consideration of the fact that social disadvantage represents the main risk factor for health and quality of life. It is known that the health outcomes related to chronic diseases are mainly derived from specific risk factors, and the social determinants can often be the ““causes of the causes”” of these risk factors. The aim of the study was to estimate the extent to which the effects of some social determinants (economic difficulty and the parental level of education) can influence obesity in primary school children residing in the Apulia region and to evaluate the potential health gain that children could have, by improving the those social determinants. The contribution of social determinants to the onset of the obesity risk factor in children (unknown factor) was calculated with arithmetic proportion software called CoEsDi Children (Contribution to the Exposure of Inequalities). This software used as a data source the regional survey, Okkio alla Salute_Puglia 2019, which studied the prevalence of obesity in children and the social determinants of their parents. The data analysis was mainly aimed at estimating the prevalence of the detected variables, setting the confidence interval at 95%. Forty-three percent of obese Apulian children who have parents with low levels of education and severe economic difficulties would be able to reduce their weight status if social inequalities were changed, and 7% would not be able to develop obesity if they were raised in a family without social inequalities. Obesity in children is closely related to the socio-economic status of the parents: the higher the level of income inequality is, the more overweight the children are.
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