Racial disparities and anxiety symptoms association with nutritional status during the COVID-19 pandemic
More details
Hide details
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Clinical and Social Nutrition Department, “Rua Dois, 90, Apto 301”, Brazil
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Program in Health and Nutrition, School of Nutrition, Brazil
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Clinical and Social Nutrition Department, Brazil
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A1262
Background and Objective:
Some evidence shows an increase in anxiety symptoms among undergraduate students during the covid-19 pandemic. However, anxiety symptoms can be different between individuals of different races/skin color, especially in a country with social inequalities linked to skin color, as brazil. So, this study aimed to assess the interaction between different races/skin color and anxiety in relation to body weight status in university students during the covid-19 pandemic.

This cross-sectional study was conducted with 610 undergraduate students from brazil during the first wave of covid-19. Data were collected using an online questionnaire between july and august 2020. Self-reported race/skin color was categorized into white and black or pardo. Symptoms of anxiety disorders were assessed by depression, anxiety and stress scale-21 scale,validated in brazil. Body mass index (bmi) was obtained using self-reported weight (kg) and height (m), being bmi ≥ 25 kg/m2 for adults, ≥ 27 kg/m2 for the elderly and z-score ≥ 1 for adolescents, used as the cutoff point for excess weight. For data analysis, it was used adjusted logistic regression to estimate the odds ratio (or) and 95% confidence interval (CI).

Of the 610 university students, 51.31% were black or pardo, 62.95% were female, 56.89% were ≥ 23 years old, 42.79% had anxiety symptoms, and 48.52% were overweight. In the multivariate analysis, being black and having anxiety symptoms had higher odds of being overweight (or= 2.04; 95% ci: 1.21-3.45) compared with white individuals without anxiety symptoms. There was no interaction between race/skin color and anxiety in relation to being overweight.

The findings suggest a possible racial disparity in weight status among undergraduate students, where those who declared black or pardo skin race/color and having anxiety symptoms were more likely to be overweight when compared to white without anxiety symptoms.

Finantial Support:

Journals System - logo
Scroll to top