The relationship between hyperlipidemia and lifestyle factors among adults residing in Ajman UAE: a case-control study
More details
Hide details
Gulf Medical University, Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE, United Arab Emirates
Directorate Medical Service, UAE, United Arab Emirates
Publication date: 2023-04-26
Popul. Med. 2023;5(Supplement):A78
Hyperlipidemia is a significant public health issue, however, there is insufficient information on factors that can determine hyperlipidemia among residents of UAE.

This study aimed to determine the association between hyperlipidemia and socio-demography and lifestyle factors and to assess determinants of hyperlipidemia among the study population.

Materials and Methods:
A case-control study was conducted during the period between January-May 2020, at a Teaching Hospital, Ajman. The study included 91 adults (41 cases and 50 controls) aged 20 years or above, both genders and all nationalities. Consecutive individuals attending the Laboratory Department were approached, those who had signed the informed consent were included. A researcher-administered questionnaire was used., blood samples were collected, and the lipid profile workup was done according to the laboratory standard procedures. IRB approval was obtained. The SPSS software (version 26) was used for analysis. Chi-square test, independent t-test and logistic regression analysis were used

The highest proportion of cases aged ≥ 35 years (87.8%); males (75.6%); Overweight (39.0%); Arab (61.0%); whose average income between 10000 - <20000 (51.2%); married (92.7%); Bachelor or higher level of education (92.7%) and employed (75.6%). The proportions of practicing unhealthy lifestyles were higher among cases than controls for smoking, cigarettes, waterpipe, special diet, and inadequate sleep. Significant associations were found between hyperlipidemia, age (p=0.009), marital status (p=0.007), and history of hypertension (P=0.045) and thyroid diseases (P=0.038). Significantly lower mean values of low-density lipo-protein (p≤ 0.001), triglycerides (p≤0.03) and total cholesterol (p≤0.001) among cases compared to controls. Age was a significant predictor of hyperlipidemia. The predictors of hyperlipidemia were; age ≥ 35 years, having family history of hyperlipidemia and excessive dietary intake of sugar.

The significant predictors for hyperlipidemia are: Age ≥35 years, having family history of hyperlipidemia and excessive dietary intake of sugar.

Journals System - logo
Scroll to top